In Texas hold’em poker, each player is dealt two cards, known as ‘hole’ cards, face down. The player immediately to the left of the dealer, known as the ‘small blind’, and the player to his left, known as the ‘big blind’, are required to make compulsory, albeit small, bets so there is something in the pot for players to win. A round of betting proceeds to the left, during which each player may call, raise or fold.
The dealer discards, or ‘burns’, the uppermost card in the deck and deals the first three ‘community’ cards, collectively known as the ‘flop’. By using the hole cards and the community cards, each player decides on the best actual, or possible, hand he can form and another round of betting follows accordingly.
The dealer burns another card and deals the fourth community card, known as the ‘turn’ card. Another round of betting follows, before the dealer burns another card and deals the fifth, and final, community card, known as the ‘river’ card. After another round of betting, the remaining players, starting with the last player to bet, or raise, reveal their hole cards and the player with the highest five-card combination wins. The highest possible hand is a royal flush or, A, K, Q, J, 10 all of the same suit, followed by a straight flush, or any sequence of five cards all of the same suit, followed by four of a kind, and so on down to a high card, which can still be a winning hand.